How to Start a Piggery Business in the Philippines

How to Start a Piggery Business in the Philippines

Pork is considered as the most popular meat in the Philippines. You will encounter pork in almost every Filipino viand. Some of these delicious viands are Menudo,

Adobo, Mechado, and even the classic Pork Stew or Nilaga. During local fiestas and celebrations, the lechon is also a top favorite. Therefore, it’s not surprising to know that piggeries are highly popular Filipino businesses and could be one of the top agribusiness ideas in the Philippines this 2019.

Starting a piggery business is a great venture that will guarantee high returns. But before you enter this type of business, you need to know about some essential factors.

In this article, you will know everything about the piggery business – from the actual starting phase down to the minutiae of its day-to-day management. 

Why You Should Start a Piggery Business?

Every business, especially a piggery, must tackle the why or the primary reason. Somehow, this is easy to answer! A piggery business is all about long-term ROI. The demand for pork will never disappear and it will remain stable over time.

In fact, you will even have better chances of investing in piggeries than duking it out with other financial options. If you’re going to analyze it properly, you will know that a piggery business will guarantee your family’s future.

The Initial Process

While many Filipinos think that starting a piggery business is easy, you still need to plan ahead. Casual discussions with reluctant partners are not enough. There must be written documentation of your plan. It’s advisable to draft your plan in a small handy journal.

Write down your long-term expectations and financial goals. A simple pig pen will have small and manageable expenses, while a larger piggery is more complicated. The methodology is different for either piggery.

Once you have determined the scale of your early setup, it’s time to figure out your piggery’s system. The most popular options are grow-out and traditional breeding.

In a grow-out system, you need to acquire piglets and let them grow around 90kg. Afterward, you can now sell the full-grown pigs. On the other hand, the traditional breeding setup lets you purchase a sow and rely on it to give birth to healthy piglets.

Once the sow gives birth to multiple piglets, you can sell them and gain huge profits. Keep in mind that traditional breeding is a long process, and there are numerous risks along the way. Piglets might die from health issues. The financial blow is even bigger if the sow dies! On average, healthy sow costs around 12,000 pesos.

Piggery Business Requirements

1. Business Name Registration – To get this, you need to visit the Department of Trade & Industry (DTI) office which covers the area where your piggery is located. After the registration process, your business name will be valid for five years.

2. Mayor’s Permit – A general requirement for all businesses and establishments. The Mayor’s Permit is valid up to one year.

3. Sanitary Permit – This permit states that your business abides with health and environmental safety standards. Philippine sanitary permits are valid for up to one year.

4. Barangay Clearance – Getting a barangay clearance certificate is easy. You just need to visit the local barangay office and start applying. The process is fast, as long as you bring the proper requirements like birth certificate, IDs, and local cedula (community tax certificate).

5. Tax Identification Number (TIN) – The Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) will issue your TIN if you don’t have one yet. Getting a TIN will take time, and you need proper coordination with BIR.

6. Environmental Compliance Certificate – A very important certificate which will guarantee that your piggery operates within the right environmental policies. DENR is the organization that will issue ECCs.

Maintaining Your Piggery’s Growth

Once you have started your piggery business and you have the pigs ready, congratulate yourself! Your journey towards a successful piggery journey has just begun. In the first few weeks, you will encounter the hardships of managing a piggery.

Maintaining your piggery business is easier if someone can help you. Every day, you and your family need to ensure that the piggery is clean and the pigs are properly taken care of. Finding high-quality feeds can also be pricey if you are not prepared.

Here are some of the best pig feed brands that you can try:

Purina Feeds – Known as a classic provider and real expert when it comes to feeds, you can never go wrong with Purina. The company offers a wide range of feeds segmented based on the age of your pigs. Purina Swine Feeds are excellent options because of their high nutrient and growth-accelerating ingredients.

Feedpro – Feedpro boasts a highly organic hog feed with zero antibiotics. If you want to limit your expenses on feeds, you won’t be disappointed with Feedpro.

If you don’t want to use commercial brands, you can try making your own version of hog feeds. Since pigs eat almost anything, you have a wide range of feeding options to begin with.

Some of the best options are rice, choice meats, greens, copra, cracked corn, diced soya, and diced legumes. Do not feed your pigs with artificial and inorganic feed variants to ensure their optimum health.

As your piggery continues to grow, you need to become more vigilant than ever. Employ the professional service of a pig expert so that you can gain helpful insights whenever possible. Do your best to maintain the health of your pigs.

Piggery Contingency Solutions

Despite perfect planning, you can never know what will happen. Uncertainty is a major part of the piggery business. But you shouldn’t worry too much! You just need to prepare a contingency plan that will guarantee your piggery’s survival.

Here are some contingency strategies for your piggery business:

Extension and Expansion – This is a common strategy for medium-scale to large-scale piggeries. As your piggery continues to grow, you need to extend and expand the space by a considerable percentage.

Cramping your pigs in a tight space will allow the proliferation of germs and bacteria, thus inviting disease. Keep in mind that expanding your piggery is difficult if you don’t have an accurate plan right from the start.

One Breeder Only – Before planning to set up a piggery, it should be a common knowledge to find a single provider of sows. By doing so, you can strengthen the herd immunity of your pigs, thus making them resilient against diseases.

Quick Disease Response – Sometimes, no matter how careful you are, disease can affect one or few of your pigs. You need to act fast whenever this happens! A quick response system will contain the disease and – hopefully – allow the survival of the affected pigs. For this response method, you may need the support of pig experts and professionals.

Piggery Design & Infrastructure

Philippine piggery designs have changed little in the past years. Some may have modern modifications such as extra flooding systems, advanced septic systems, drainage, and ultra-durable pens.

The infrastructure level of your piggery depends on your initial plan and long-term expectations. Do not focus on fanciness. Instead, think about function. For better results, you can work with industry-vetted piggery designers and contractors.

What if you’re planning to start with a small pen? The solution is simple: look up some designs in the Web. Or better yet – you can rely on local carpenters and people you know. If you care about durability and long-term piggery efficiency, do not skimp with the costs related to piggery design.

Environmental Concerns

You probably know by now that piggeries are somehow dirty. Even if you strive hard to keep your piggery as clean as possible, you still have to deal with manure, mud, and other unpleasant residues.

Before building your first pen, you need to consider the location. If you live in an urban area, you can’t raise pigs. You will end up paying penalties and earning the ire of your neighbors. Also, you need to apply for an Environmental Compliance Certificate or ECC. This certificate is typically issued by DENR.

Another factor that you must consider is the size of your piggery. Medium scale piggeries should be located at least 1000m away from residential, industrial, and commercial areas. Keep in mind that piggery waste can contaminate essential areas.

Special Note on Flooding System

Your piggery should have an effective way of dealing with floods. In the Philippines, floods are actually common. This is one of the downsides of starting a land-based business in a tropical country.

A small pig pen must be situated in an inclined or elevated position to make it flood-resistant. Perhaps a secondary drainage system can even make a big difference. The bigger your pig pen is, the higher the associated anti-flooding costs.

Conclusion

Just like any other business, a piggery requires hard work – tons of hard work! You will probably have a difficult time in the beginning but the money will come in a few months’ time. Your piggery business will only fail if you give up on it.

To ensure your success in this trade, you need a detailed plan which will cover the first five years (or ten if you’re extremely meticulous). Once your plan, capital, and manpower are ready, it’s time to launch your piggery business!

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